Expanding the scope of memory systems: what types of understanding can they be used for?2 Expanding the scope of memory systems: what types of understanding can they be used for?2 Expanding the scope of memory systems: what types of understanding can they be used for?Expanding the scope of memory systems: what types of understanding can they be used for?How can we develop transformative tools for thought?2020-10-18Journal2 Expanding the scope of memory systems: what types of understanding can they be used for?SRM systems are most widely used in language learning. Duolingo, for instance, claims 25 million monthly active users. Reports are mixed on success. Some serious users are enthusiastic about their success with Duolingo. But others find it of limited utility. The company, of course, touts research showing that it's incredibly successful. It seems likely to us that Duolingo and similar systems are useful for many users as part of (but only part of) a serious language learning program. Continue reading…