8 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?8 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?10 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?10 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?How can we develop transformative tools for thought?2020-10-18Journal10 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?8 How to invent Hindu-Arabic numerals?Doing this is a cultural struggle. It seems to be extraordinarily rare to find the insight-through-making loop working at full throttle. People with expertise on one side of the loop often have trouble perceiving (much less understanding and participating in) the nature of the work that goes on on the other side of the loop. You have researchers, brilliant in their domain, who think of making as something essentially trivial, “just a matter of implementation”. And you have makers who don't understand research at all, who see it as merely a rather slow and dysfunctional (and unprofitable) making process. This is certainly true in Silicon Valley, where it's common to meet accomplished technical makers who, after reading a few stories from Richard Hamming and Richard Feynman, think they understand research well enough that they can “create the new Bell Labs”. Usually they're victims of Dunning-Krugeritis, so ignorant they're not even aware of their ignorance. Continue reading…